The JCB Company is based in Rocester, England, and manufactures construction, agriculture, waste handling, and demolition equipment. It has 22 manufacturing factories in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America, producing over 300 different machines such as backhoes, excavators, tractors, and diesel engines, and selling them in over 150 countries.
In October 1945, Joseph Cyril Bamford founded the JCB Company in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England. He rented a lock-up garage measuring 3.7 by 4.6 metres (12 by 15 ft). With a welding set he bought second-hand from English Electric for £2-10s (= £2.50), he built his first vehicle, a tipping trailer, out of war leftover components. Steel sheet was utilised on the sides and bottom of the trailer, which had previously been employed in air raid shelters. On the same day his son Anthony was born, he sold the trailer at a nearby market for £45 (plus a part-exchanged farm cart) and immediately built another trailer. He used to make autos in Eckersley's coal yard in Uttoxeter. Both the original trailer and the welding set were saved.
The very first JCB welding machine
The very first JCB vehicle (a farm trailer)
In 1948, the company employed six people and built Europe's first hydraulic tipping trailer. In 1950, it moved to a former cheese factory in Rocester, employing six employees. A year later, he started painting his wares yellow. He debuted his first backhoe loader in 1953, marking the first appearance of the JCB logo. Derby Media and Leslie Smith, an advertising designer, cooperated on the project. In 1957, the "hydra-digga," a machine that combines an excavator and a huge loader into a single all-purpose machine for agriculture and construction, was created.
Hydraulic tractors from JCB were first introduced to the North American market in 1960 and have since proven to be a long-term success. JCB established and remains the world's most popular brand. By 1964, JCB had sold about 3,000 3C backhoe loaders. The next year, the JCB 7 was unveiled as the first 360-degree excavator.
In 1978, the Loadall machine was first introduced. JCB commenced operations in India the next year. In 1991, the company launched a joint venture to manufacture excavators with Sumitomo of Japan, which lasted until 1998. Two years later, a JCB plant in Pooler, Georgia, near Savannah, was completed, and a manufacturing in Brazil opened the following year.
The twenty-first century is arrived.
In December 2000, the European Commission fined JCB €39.6 million for breaking European Union antitrust laws. The fine was connected to sales limits outside of allocated areas, purchases amongst authorised distributors, bonuses and fees that limited out-of-territory sales, and the occasional joint fixing of resale pricing and discounts across multiple territories. JCB appealed, and the European Court of First Instance sustained some of the appeal while reducing the original sentence by 25%. JCB submitted a last appeal with the European Court of Justice in 2006, but it was denied, and the reduced penalty was increased by €864,000.
The JCB444 diesel engine, the company's first design and build, went into production in 2004. In 2005, JCB bought a company for the first time in nearly four decades when it bought Vibromax, a German equipment producer. In the same year, the company constructed a second factory in Pudong, China. The company had grown to 4000 employees by 2006, more than doubling its employment from 1975.
Following the launch of an architectural design competition managed by RIBA Competitions in 2007, planning for a new £40 million JCB Heavy Products site began, and by the following year, the company had begun to relocate from its old site in Pinfold Street in Uttoxeter to the new site beside the A50; the Pinfold Street site was demolished in 2009. JCB declared plans to make India its largest production hub during that year. Its factory at Ballabgarh, Haryana, was supposed to be the world's largest backhoe loader manufacturer.
JCB cut 2,000 positions during the recession, but said in 2010 that it will hire up to 200 additional employees.
Until 2016, the corporation was a member of the CBI corporate lobbying group. Following the Brexit vote in June 2016, it was reported in October 2016 that JCB had left the CBI. Since 2007, JCB and affiliated Bamford organisations have donated £8.1 million in cash and kind to the Conservative Party in the United Kingdom. Anthony Bamford, the chairman of JCB, donated £100,000 to Vote Leave, the official pro-Brexit group.
The firm encourages children of all ages to engage in constructive play, and has developed JCB Explore, a website dedicated to encouraging children and their parents to participate in outdoor activities.
JCB's X Series, which includes the JZ70 (7-tonne zero tail swing excavator) through the JS460, is an enhanced version of the J series Tracked 360° excavators (46-tonne tracked excavator).
JCB introduced a new top-of-the-line JS520 with a new style paint job and black rams at the 2008 Con exhibition. Wheeled 360° excavators range from the JS130W to the JS200W. Machines can be built using a monoboom or a triple-articulated boom. In July 2020, the company's electric digger (19C-1E) won the MacRobert Award, the UK's most prestigious award for engineering innovation.
For more information about the JCB mini excavators, see the link below or go to our JCB products page.
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